If you are facing an unplanned pregnancy, you might be considering an abortion. Before you decide if, when, and where to have an abortion, your first step is a medical consultation and diagnosis. AscentCare offers no-charge assessments to help you navigate your abortion and pregnancy decisions. 

Pre-Abortion Screening

Abortion is a significant medical and psychological decision. Before you make your choice, you should first discuss your situation with a medical professional. You want to be prepared. Here’s what you need beforehand: 

  • Check to see if you have any or all early pregnancy symptoms
  • Get no-cost, lab-quality pregnancy testing with us
  • If the pregnancy test was positive, get a no-cost ultrasound scan to learn the viability of the pregnancy and how long you’ve been pregnant
  • Discuss your situation and learn about all of your options

Types of Abortions

There are two main types of abortion: medical and surgical. Which procedure abortion clinics will perform depends on how far along you are in your pregnancy. The best way to determine how long you’ve been pregnant is with an ultrasound. At AscentCare, we offer ultrasounds for free.

Medication Abortion

Known by several names, a medication abortion can also be called the abortion pill, RU-486, or self-managed abortion. You can only use this method if you are under ten weeks pregnant. If you’ve been pregnant longer than ten weeks, the fetus may be too large for a medication abortion to be successful.

Most people are familiar with the abortion pill method, but did you know it isn’t just one simple pill and you’re done? Actually, the abortion pill procedure uses two very powerful drugs.

The first drug you take is called mifepristone. This drug stops your body from producing a hormone called progesterone. This hormone is necessary for an embryo to stay implanted on the lining of your uterus. Mifepristone thins the lining, stopping the pregnancy from progressing.

The second drug is known as misoprostol. This drug causes your body to start contractions to empty your uterus and expel the pregnancy tissue through cramping and bleeding.

Risks and side effects:

According to the Mayo Clinic, there are a number of side effects and risks to be aware of with a medication abortion.

Side Effects:
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Abdominal cramping
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache
Risks:
  • Incomplete abortion, which may need to be followed by surgical abortion
  • An ongoing unwanted pregnancy if the procedure doesn’t work
  • Heavy and prolonged bleeding
  • Infection
  • Fever lasting more than 24 hours
  • Digestive system discomfort
  • Severe abdominal or back pain

Surgical Abortion

You will have to schedule a surgical abortion if you have been pregnant for longer than 10 weeks. These outpatient procedures require more recovery time than a medication abortion. The farther along you are in your pregnancy, the more invasive and expensive the procedures become.

The vacuum aspiration method can be performed between your 13th and 15th week of pregnancy. It is essentially a dilation and curettage (D&C) to clear the uterine lining. The abortion doctor clears out all the tissue using suction (like a vacuum). Sometimes, a surgical instrument known as a curette is also used to scrape out the remaining tissue.

If you are farther along than 15 weeks, you receive either a dilation and evacuation (D&E) abortion procedure or dilation and extraction (D&X). Both of these require extensive dilation of the cervix in order to remove the contents of the uterus. In addition to the suction or vacuum, these procedures use forceps and other medical tools, including a curette to scrape the inside of your uterus.

Risks and side effects:

According to the Mayo Clinic and Healthline, there are a number of risks and side effects to be aware of with surgical abortion.

Side Effects:
  • Bleeding, including blood clots
  • Cramping, possibly lasting more than 48 hours
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Sweating
  • Feeling faint
Risks:
  • Perforation of the uterus
  • Damage to the cervix
  • Scar tissue on the uterine wall
  • Fever and potential infection
  • Passing blood clots that are larger than a lemon for more than two hours
  • Bleeding that is heavy enough that you have to change your pad twice in one hour for two hours straight
  • Pain or cramping that gets worse instead of better

How we can help

Before you make an abortion appointment, come to AscentCare for no-cost pregnancy testing and an ultrasound. We’ll let you know how far along your pregnancy is. Then, we can talk about your plans for your current situation and for your future. Schedule your appointment today.

At AscentCare, we do not offer, recommend or refer for abortions or abortifacients, but we are committed to offering accurate information about all pregnancy options to include parenting, abortion, and adoption.